January 6, 2017

Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS)

DESCRIPTION
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a term to describe a group of pathologies associated with anterior knee pain. 


AETIOLOGICAL FACTORS
Decreased quadriceps range of motion (ROM) (3)
Decreased gastrocnemius ROM (3)
Dynamic valgus collapse (2)
Decrease quadriceps strength (1)
Decrease hamstring strength (1)


REFERENCES
1. Boling M, Padua D, Marshall S, Guskiewicz K, Pyne S, Beutler A. A prospective investigation of biomechanical risk factors for patellofemoral pain syndrome: The joint undertaking to monitor and prevent ACL injury (JUMP-ACL) cohort. Am J Sports Med 2009;37(11):2108-2116.

2. Holden S, Boreham C, Doherty C, Delahunt E. Two-dimensional knee valgus displacement as a predictor of patellofemoral pain in adolescent females. Scand J Med Sci 2015;Epub ahead of print.

3. Witvrouw E, Lysens R, Bellemans J, Cambier D, Vanderstraeten G. Intrinsic risk factors for the development of anterior knee pain in an athletic population. A two year prospective study. Am J Sports Med 2000;28(4):480-489.


APPENDIX
Search Date
November 14, 2016

Search String
(patellofemoral syndrome OR patellofemoral pain OR pfps) AND (risk factor*)

Search Results
CINAHL Complete = 93
Medline with Full-text = 110
SPORTDiscus = 66